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Betty Beaumont, "Ocean Landmark",  1980
Betty Beaumont, "Ocean Landmark", LandSat7 altered satellite photograph with locator of the Ocean Landmark Underwater Site. 1980

Betty Beaumont, "Ocean Landmark", 1980   Betty Beaumont, "Ocean Landmark", coal waste landscape at a hydroelectric power plant in Ohio- 500 tons of this material was used for this project, 1980
Betty Beaumont, "Ocean Landmark", 1980   Betty Beaumont, "Ocean Landmark", fabricated coal-waste blocks on the production line at a concrete plant in Pennsylvania, 1980
Betty Beaumont, "Ocean Landmark", 1980.   Betty Beaumont, "Ocean Landmark", drying racks in the production process at the block facility, 1980
Betty Beaumont, "Ocean Landmark", 1980   Betty Beaumont, "Ocean Landmark", blocks were trucked to the Jersey shore and loaded onto a pocket barge, 1980
Betty Beaumont, "Ocean Landmark", 1980.   Betty Beaumont, "Ocean Landmark", detail of blocks on the barge, 1980
Betty Beaumont, "Ocean Landmark", 1980   Betty Beaumont, "Ocean Landmark", barge moored in New Jersey with the New York skyline in the background, 1980
Betty Beaumont, "Ocean Landmark", 1980.   Betty Beaumont, "Ocean Landmark", ocean-going tug pulling the coal waste laden barge out to sea to the project site, 1980
Betty Beaumont, "Ocean Landmark", 1980   Betty Beaumont, "Ocean Landmark", controlled dump of coal waste blocks on the floor of the Atlantic Ocean, three miles off Fire Island National Seashore, 1980
Betty Beaumont, "Ocean Landmark", 1980   Betty Beaumont, "Ocean Landmark", detail of the new thriving artificial reef, 1980
Betty Beaumont, "Ocean Landmark", 1980.   Betty Beaumont, "Ocean Landmark", a simulation to-scale of the materials used for the armature has become a surrogate for the project, 1980
Betty Beaumont

Ocean Landmark

17,000 coal fly-ash blocks

Atlantic Ocean, 40 miles from the New York Harbor

Ocean Landmark ,1978-1980, is a unique artwork that recycles waste, establishes a habitat for fish, continues to feed people, and is a prototype for new industry.

Ocean Landmark is an underwater work on the floor of the Atlantic, made of 500 tons of processed coal-waste, a potential pollutant that has undergone a planned transformation into a flourishing ecosystem-a lush underwater garden. The work was inspired by the potential of the continental shelf and by a team of scientists experimenting to stabilize an industrial by-product in water. I proposed using their materials to create an underwater sculpture, that when fished, would feed people. 17,000 coal fly-ash blocks were then fabricated, shipped to the ocean site, 40 miles from the New York Harbor and three miles off Fire Island National Seashore, and laid on the continental shelf. Ocean Landmark started to change at the point of its installation. It has grown and developed into a productive new ecosystem over the years and continues to evolve. In fact, the work is listed as a "Fish Haven" on the NOAA (National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration) coastal navigational map.

There are no images of the now evolved artwork. Underwater photography is not useful in imaging the entire "body" of work because of the limited visibility of the underwater site. Current technology will enable me to image this work in its life giving, mature condition and in its entire form. Using global positioning satellite technology, the work will be located and images will be created through the use of underwater remote sensing and side scan sonar. Coded in the images of the now evolved underwater sculpture will be its progression as a sustaining environment for marine life and a thriving ecosystem. Link to VRML document of Ocean Landmark Project

-Betty Beaumont

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